Week of the Press and the Francophonie 2018
From March 19 to 29, the Lycée Français de Singapour celebrated Press and Francophonie by organizing several workshops with quality guests such as Florence Aubenas, reporter; Laure Adler, journalist, essayist; Sandra Laboucarie, journalist and youth writer and finally Yannick Haenel, writer.
Here are the student writing works about these guests ...
Text on Mrs LABOUCARIE, meeting with the 6e students
Ms. Laboucarie is an independent journalist who works for several newspapers. She loves her job because she makes beautiful encounters, and she loves to be passionate about something... To become a journalist you have to study literature, languages, and then journalism. It is not she who chooses the subjects; she just gives an idea, which is then discussed. She had a strong desire to become a journalist since the end of primary school but she hesitated with the teaching profession. She enjoys meeting people, far away or near her home. She publishes about one article a day. Her first journal was published when she was 20-25 years old. For her the first great journalist was Albert Londres. She writes some historical articles. Journalists want to go where there is action, to the scene to find an available person who knows the subject to question. She also wants to keep time to write books. The events that have most marked her are the attacks in France. She does not write for TV or radio, she writes for the print media. She has always respected the law, she has never been censored. She needs to find reliable information. She is very interested in children. She has never done a newspaper by herself. She does not just do the things she likes. Every time it is a different subject. She is currently writing an article on equality between boys and girls and a book on harassment.
Manon CRETIER, 6A
Ms. Laboucarie is an independent journalist who has worked for Le Actu and Le Petit Quotidien. She lives with her family in Toulouse. This young woman loves her job very much because she makes beautiful encounters and is passionate about her subjects.
She explained the eight steps to creating a newspaper.
- find the subject(s)
- gather information
- do research on the information found
- writings, photos
- proofreading (by the department head)
- corrections of texts, titles ...
- send the newspaper to the print shop.
BECQUET flower, 6F
Ms. Laboucarie is an independent journalist. She chooses the subjects of her articles. I mean, from grade school she wanted to be a journalist. She knew it was for her. She loves her job and does not find it difficult. She has already written articles on war or history not necessarily articles of the present moment. Mrs. Laboucarie is rather interested in children's books. She writes articles about things she does not really like football or dinosaurs. She went to Africa and many other countries to meet people. Rather, these articles were not famous.
The steps to creating a journal are:
1) Decide on topics 5) Read the title carefully, choose your topic
2) Search for information 6) Correct
3) Check information 7) Print
4) Seek ideas for the title 8) Distribute files
Line RUBIN, 6A
Meeting with Mrs Laboucarie
Laboucarie is an independent journalist who works for several media. She wanted to do her job since the end of primary school. Mrs. Laboucarie loves her work very much because she can meet touching people and thanks to her job; she is able to take an interest in different things, like football. Her favorite subjects talk about distant and close people who have exciting stories to tell.
Laboucarie and her team publish at least one article a day. Before becoming a journalist, she studied literature, then language and entered the journalist competition. To create a newspaper article, first decide which subject to choose, gather information on the chosen subject, check, write the article, proofread it, layout it, correct it and send it to the printer. The difficulty of Mrs. Laboucarie's job is to find someone close who is an expert or who knows a lot about the chosen subject. She is interested in new subjects; none of her newspaper articles has become famous.
Lena Lou GOMER, 6F
Speech by journalist Florence Aubenas
Florence Aubenas, journalist and great reporter came to testify of her experiment and to bring her light on the very difficult job of great reporter on the zones of conflicts in the world.
She assimilates the job of a great reporter to that of emergency physicians in hospitals...
The story by Florence Aubenas has allowed us to better understand the role of the great reporter who sometimes oscillates between observer and humanitarian status, but also the dangers faced by great reporters.
Florence Aubenas evokes her first experience as a great reporter during the civil war in Rwanda. It is important to understand that the journalist comes from a country in peace and finds herself confronted with populations in the process of living their worst moment. The whole country is in exile, hundreds of thousands of people are on the roads to flee, despite the distress, people accept to discuss and welcome the journalist. Women then ask her to save their baby by taking them to a church. This is where the question arises of how to react to these women? Florence Aubenas agreed to help them, but some of her colleagues criticised her for going beyond her role as a journalist and reminded her that journalists are not humanitarians.
A few years later, during a report on the war in Kosovo, many locals implore her to allow them to use her satellite phone so they can tell their families to tell them they are still alive. Again the journalist agrees to help the population, each time the attitude to adopt in front of these totally deprived people is a dilemma, they have nothing left, she, will return to Paris.
For Florence Aubenas, there is a philosophical issue, what is her duty; does she not have a moral obligation?
Moreover, Florence Aubenas notes a change of attitude towards journalists in conflict zones. When she visits Syria in 2012 during the Arab spring, the local population welcomes the journalists, in fact, they symbolize freedom, and people think that they will finally be heard and that it will help them.
However, the situation has evolved and journalists are increasingly discredited, many groups think that if they attack a journalist then their cause will be put forward and they will be able to attract media from all over the world. The danger comes from the fact that journalists are no longer seen as defenders of freedom but as a tool to convey ideological messages, they have become targets.
For Florence Aubenas, the role of the journalist should not only be informative, indeed, the journalist must invite the reader to take part in the world, to get involved. The reader should not be passive in reading a press article; he should have an active role.
His job is to inform despite the risks, we must not accept fear but cultivate it, a journalist who is no longer afraid puts his life in danger.
Hugo Chassagnette TSA
Laure Adler Review: Memory, History and Journalism
Laure Adler, born March 11, 1950, is a French television journalist, biographer, editor and producer. During her years of study she first undertook studies in philosophy, after which she obtained a master's degree in philosophy. Following this, she began studying history at EPHE, which is the practical school for advanced studies. She obtained a doctorate in history by defending a thesis in history devoted to 19th century feminists under the supervision of Jean-Paul Aron, Raymond Aaron's nephew. Finally, she joined the public radio channel France Culture in 1974. So how has feminism evolved since the 1940s? First we will study women in the shadows of the Second World War. Then, in a second time, we will see how feminism is seen nowadays.
First, before the Second World War, women did not have the right to vote. It was only because of women's resistance during the War that they were able to obtain the right to vote in 1944. The resistance of these women can be observed in particular by the fact that it was women who led the resistance networks. Among the women of the Second World War, we can see, for example, Germaine Tillion who was in charge of a resistance network against the German occupation. Also Simone Veil with the abortion law and the story of her struggle or Marceline Lauridan who published a book that tells the story of how to help human lives. Simone Weil was caught in the middle of the war in France and her parents decided to leave for America to save her from the war. However, once she arrived in America, she became aware of the conflict that was unfolding in Europe and chose to return to France by any means. Therefore, she took the boat back to Northern Europe and reached England where she met General De Gaulle. Simone Weil participated alongside the General in the writing of various texts for the National Resistance Council. Unfortunately, Simone Weil was touched by the poverty of war and she decided as a tribute to the French people to starve herself and died a few months later of anorexia in London. And a few years later, Jean Moulin took Simone Weil's texts and drew inspiration from them to write his texts. Germaine Tillion, after the Second World War, decided to fight women's rights and became an observer of justice, that is, she judged the crime of killing a people according to a physical characteristic or of killing an ethnic group. She obtained the right to become an observer of justice, she wrote many books on this subject, and nowadays her works remain very important and profound testimonies. However, the stories of these women after the Second World War were unknown and nowadays these stories are more and more known. Finally, all these stories show us that the place of women in the resistance during the Second World War was minor but present, so the feminist movement was already present since 1940 but did not occupy an important place in society.
As Laure Adler explained in this conference, women do what they want to do and do not necessarily seek to communicate before acting. Above all, in the feminist movement there are extremes. Indeed, some people use their cause to the extreme to be heard because they think it is the only way. Moreover, the main goal of the feminist movement is to have full equality between men and women in society. The feminist movement is associated with equality, not violence. To return to our main subject, which was the place of the woman, Laure Adler explains us a little further in her interview that the unpublished sources are very often complicated to find. Indeed, there are fewer and fewer sources for historians today because they need raw sources like paper for example: we can see for example articles written by journalists on a piece of paper. However, nowadays more and more articles are written on the internet and access to the internet is certainly easy but to find accurate information or testimony in an article written on the internet is not easy. That is why it is said that the historian needs a written record.
To conclude, we can say that the feminist movement is a movement that was already present during the Second World War with the stories of Germaine Tillion, Simone Weil and Marceline Laudran. And, that this movement has not stopped developing since the years.
Milo Grimberg TSA